Electricity is one of man’s biggest discoveries. Since the discovery of electricity everything in this world has changed. But do you really know how is electricity made available for your household tasks every day? Of how your city’s power grid actually works? You will be aware of the various manners in which electricity is generated that is with the help of wind mills, tidal energy and solar power and various other methods but have you ever thought that how does the rolling blades of a wind mill end up in the form of electricity in your place?
Electrical power is used by most of the households, business companies and various other industries for many purposes; it is used for light, refrigeration, cooling, cooking, refrigeration, light, heating, entertainment, charging your phones and all other digital appliances and it is also used in your car. In today’s generation loss of electricity will make the whole world hanging.
How does the whole Electrical Grid work?
There is a constant system through which electricity keeps flowing, it is broken down and then transmitted accordingly. The power plants are responsible for the generation of electricity whereas the power distribution grid takes care of the dispersion of electricity. The high voltage power lines carry the energy from the power plant to the substations where the high voltage power is converted to low voltage power and then supplied to the homes and other places. The power lines are laid out in the open so if you are out in the suburban area you will notice a lot of these power lines.
The continuous transfer of electricity is necessary because large amount of electricity cannot be stored; hence the production of electricity takes place along with the consumption simultaneously. Hence the power grid needs to be sufficient enough to reroute electricity to places where it is needed that too every time it is required.
Production of electricity
The generation of electricity can be carried out in various methods; the power plants make sure that the generated electricity is then distributed accordingly as per the requirement of a city.
Transmission and distribution
After the generation of electricity there comes the task of distribution, the overall network for transmission of electricity goes through transmission lines and distribution lines this makes up the power grid which makes sure proper power distribution takes place at all times.
When you use you appliances for heating, cooling, entertainment or for whatever other purpose, you draw electricity from the electrical grid. The usage of electricity by the customers can be called as the demand load on the electric grid. The power providers aim to fulfill the demand load of the customers to whom they provide.
There are times when the demand load period goes very high, at that time the regular supply of electricity to the customers will not do the job, the voltage load in increased on the power grid and it is the duty of the provider to make sure that abundant supply of electricity is given at such times. Balancing and managing the voltage is a tough job.