Substations are necessary because they are the important components of the overall electrical infrastructure that is made up of a place. They are basically electrical substations and they are responsible for ensuring the delivery of continuous electricity to the customers. They are basically designed with the help of containing high voltage equipment which includes transformers, circuit breakers, switchgear, and other associated devices.
The importance of Substations and their designs
The electricity that is available at the electricity towers are very high in voltage, if that electricity is supplied to households then it will burn up your whole system and damage your appliances hence substations are built in order to step down electricity from a high voltage transmission system to electricity with lower in order to supply it to households, industries, companies and various other places where it is needed. The distribution lines carry out the task of supplying electricity to various places.
Local electrical companies have many substations placed at various checkpoints in the country in the areas in which they provide the customers; you will see a number of substations in and around the country. The substation has a number of key components which manage the step down of the electricity from a supply of high voltage to a supply of lower voltage, these components have a high chance of getting damaged hence it is important to keep them protected while designing a substation.
Design of a substation
The design of the substations mostly contains The Transformers, Circuit Switches, Breakers, Transmitters, and the Capacitors.
- The transformers carry out the task of stepping down the high voltage electricity to lower voltage electricity which is suitable enough to send through the distribution wires.
- The flow of electricity is directed by the circuit switches
- Breakers handle the interruption of electricity when some electricity surges occur so that the system is protected from damage.
The working of the Substations can be divided into three different parts:
The first section is the place where the generation takes place and its set up is laid out to reroute the generation of power to the substations. This section where the generation takes place is the most essential and huge part of the whole layout because high electricity enters the substation through this.
The second section provides electricity to other substations and also reroutes the energy out of the electricity grid when it is not being used. The main function of this section is to make sure that energy doesn’t overload in the grid and the extra energy is rerouted successfully, it is designed to carry out those tasks.
The final section is meant for the distribution of energy to the customers for whom the specific substation is assigned. It is made sure that quality electricity is made available to the customers.
Importance of Substations
A substation should be well designed in order to provide electricity to customers at all times. Quality delivery of Power is the most vital aim of a substation. Substations must be able to reduce the high electrical voltage efficiently. The dispersion of electricity from the substation takes place as soon as the high voltage is reduced. Houses lighten up because of the efficient working and design of Substations.